Well, I think I need to start this article with a clarification, not long ago we had shaded, shell, and chinchilla, today this is changed. I will go by the new names remember this so that you do not get confused. The Silver-variation is handled in the article: Shaded and Shell.

 

Designation

Golden Tabby All colors and patterns (ny, ay, fy, gy, dy, ey) and (21, 22, 23, 24 and 25)

Golden Shaded

ny 11, ay 11, fy, 11, gy 11, dy 11 and ey 11.

Golden Shell

ny 12, ay 12, fy 12, gy 12, dy 12 and ey 12

 


Goldens will have the (y) behind their normal color code, I did got dy and ey in the list, I dont think we ever seen one in the Maine Coon breed, but the exists in other breeds.
I know that there is believes that the wideband is is a different trait on the MCO then in for example the Persian or Brittish Shorthair, though I have some trouble with this since all other known traits is the same in every breed. I do not know if I'm correct, maybe time will tell if there during my lifetime will be a gene-test for the wideband and for silver, but for now we just have to settle with theories and what we can actually see. Remember as in the Shaded and Shell articles this is what I have learned and seen I have been looking at those colors for about 10-12 years even if it's just about 2 years since I actually started to breed for them. 

There has been a LOT of speculations and a lot of theories about Golden, I will quickly just mention them here.

Old theories about Goldens
Well I will not go into those other theories, you need to read the whole article to understand how the thought around those and in connetion to the theories about the silvershaded and silvershell. But there is a lot of different theories.
The full article of the different old theories: http://www.mat.uniroma2.it/~picard/Cats/Feline_genetics_notes.pdf



If you read the article about Shaded and Shell you will see that this is exactly the same inheritance, just without the silver.
Golden is a cat who does have the wideband gene but no silver.
For example lets say you got a ns 11 (a blacksilver shaded), then go got a kitten who is the same as the adult but without the silver, this kitten will be a ny 11 (a black golden shaded)
So the genetic designation would be like this:

ns 11  AA, II, wbwb
AA, Ii, wbwb
Aa,  II, wbwb
Aa, Ii, wbwb 
 ny 11 AA, ii, wbwb
Aa, ii, wbwb

 

A is the genetic designation for Agouti (read the other articles about color to fully understand this), a golden tabby, shaded or shell (same goes for the silvervariations), must be agouti (with pattern), the could be homozygous or heterozygous so AA or Aa, as seen above a shaded must have silver eighter homozygous II or heterozygous Ii, while a golden does not have any silver ii. Both variations need to have the wideband-gene in double. As you might know from the other article this was supposed to be a dominant trait but today it's believed to be a recessive trait.

Golden seems to be even more uncommon then shaded, I think thats because it's even harder to determine golden if it's not a good golden and this trait is even more unknown by many breeders even those who actually breed for the silvervariation. And I know that in some associations Golden is not even recognized and allowed.

Below is the same table as I used in the other article, here you can see the hairs of the different patterns.

Don't mind my very terrible skill in painting, but here are are some, well visually pictures of the coat of the different patterns.

 silvershell Silvershaded  palesilvertabby  Silvertabby  goldenshell  goldenshaded  goldentabby  blacktabby 
Silver Shell Silver Shaded   Silver (pale)
Still only in theory 
 Silver tabby  Golden shell  Golden Shaded  Golden tabby Normal tabby 


 

Below are some explanations of the different colors.

Golden Shell  1/8 Of the hair is colored, the hair from the root and up to the last 1/8 is very warm from dark yellow to apricot. 
Golden Shaded 1/3 Of the hair is colored, the hair from the root and up to the last 1/3 is very warm from dark yellow to apricot.
Golden Tabby The yellowish bands in the hair are somewhat wider then on a regular tabby, this gives you in general a lighter expression of color.
Still from dark yellow to apricot.
Normal Tabby This is somewhat tricky do not misstake a warm normal tabby for golden it's not the same thing. Remember that you need to see the wideband for the cat to be golden.

 

Determining Shaded, Shell and Golden Tabbies (wideband cats that do have more than 1/3 tipping)

When looking at those colors, keep in mind that on Maine Coon we have not selected for those colors for decades like the have done on, for example, Persians, so we cannot expect to have perfect goldens. The amount of tipping and the ground color should be correct if you want to register your cat as a golden.

 

Shell

  • Tipping 1/8 of the hair and the tipping should be as even as possible (here we have some work to do in our selective breeding)
  • Ground color from dark yellow to apricot
  • The ground color is more intense on face and back, with a lighter shade on the chin, the ear tufts, down the flanks, on the belly and underside of the tail.
  • Whisker pads, chin and chest might be light to deep cream.
  • Colors and distribution of tipping as for the corresponding silver (shell)
  • Eyes and Nose leather should be outlined with the color of the tipping and even, distinct nose/eye rim is preferred.
  • Paw pads in same color as the tipping.
  • A Golden without tabby markings and bars and with a warm coat color is prefered.
  • White/light colors is tolerated beside the nosetrils, above the lips, on the chin as long as it not extend down to the chest.
  • Coat that is to grey or pale in tone or grey undercoat, are not acceptable.

 

Shaded

  • Tipping 1/3 of the hair and the tipping should be as even as possible (here we have some work to do in our selective breeding
  • Ground color from dark yellow to apricot
  • The ground color is more intense on face and back, with a lighter shade on the chin, the ear tufts, down the flanks, on the belly and underside of the tail.
  • Whisker pads, chin and chest might be light to deep cream.
  • Colors and distribution of tipping as for the corresponding silver (shaded)
  • Eyes and Nose leather should be outlined with the color of the tipping and even, distinct nose/eye rim is preferred.
  • Paw pads in same color as the tipping.
  • A Golden without tabby markings and bars and with a warm coat color is prefered.
  • White/light colors is tolerated beside the nosetrils, above the lips, on the chin as long as it not extend down to the chest.
  • Coat that is to grey or pale in tone or grey undercoat, are not acceptable.

 

Golden Tabby

Golden tabbies is a cat where the yellowish bands in the hair are somewhat wider then on a regular tabby (see the pictures above).

  • Wider bands.
  • Color dark yellow to apricot on the wider bands.
  • White/light colors is tolerated beside the nosetrils, above the lips, on the chin as long as it not extend down to the chest.
  • The dark color of the nose rim may extend over the whole nose leather and thus be the same as the corresponding solid color.
  • Ticked hairs, brindling in the dark parts of the pattern is not acceptable (here is something to work on since we have not selected for those colors).
  • Lack of contrast or coat that is grey or pale in tone or grey undercoat, are not acceptable.

 

One question I think is asked a lot is: How do I know if I got a golden kitten in the litter or not? 

There are a few things to look at, and remember. One thing that is making it very difficult for us is that golden is developing slowly.
Most golden kittens looks more or less like any other tabby we might have, though keep an extra eye on those who are born very, warm in tone.

EvGoldenTjej 01 EvGoldenTjej 02

A Black tortie golden classic tabby (fy 22)
This is a girl at some breeder friends of mine in the south of Sweden, she is a golden tabby.
I will show pictures of her as an adult below so that you can see the developement.
The light in this picture is not optimal but you can see that she got a warm tone.

A Black tortie golden classic tabby (fy 22)
You can see some wideband effect already in the fur but not that clear.
EvGoldenTjej 09 EvGoldenTjej 10
Here you can see the same girl as above as an adult.

And here is the bottom of the coat.
You can clearly see that this is not an normal tabby, she got the wideband effect, even if it's not enough for her to be shaded.

 

Here is a picture not a MCO but just to give a hint what to look for.

goldenbabybri marked 
As you can see here this kitten is very varm and yellowish in the tone between the eye and they ear, where the corresponding silver variation is white, a golden is apricot to dark yellow. 

 

There is so much more to say about this and I will probably get back to this with more pictures and more details when I get my hands on more pictures. Either by being allowed to use others or by getting the chance to take them myself. 

By: Malin Sundqvist

Well, I think I need to start this article with a clarification, not long ago we had shaded, shell, and chinchilla, today this is changed. I will go by the new names remember this so that you do not get confused. I will not go into golden either, golden will have an article of it’s own.

Old designation

Shaded

ns 11, as 11, ds 11, es 11, fs, 11, gs 11 and so on.

Shell

Only ds 12 and es 12

Chinchilla

Only dark colors ns 12, as 12, fs 12 and gs 12

New designation

Shaded

ns 11, as 11, ds 11, es 11, fs, 11, gs 11 and so on.

Shell

ns 12, as 12, fs 12 and gs 12 and  ds 12 and es 12


So nowadays all cats with the ems code 12 is a shell, not chinchilla, though Chinchilla Persian who become a breed of their own many years ago, of course, will still be Chinchilla. But we are not going to talk about Persians in this article, I will focus on the Maine Coon.

There has been a LOT of speculations and a lot of theories about the Shaded and Shell, I will quickly just mention them here.

 The One-Gene Theory
Some time ago, it was suggested that a single unique gene was the origin of all silver colors. It was thought that the Inhibitor gene was the one responsible for Shaded and Shell, in combination with ticked. Nowadays we know this is not true.
The geneticist Roy Robinson, in its well-known book Genetics for Cat Breeders (Cambridge, 1972, 2nd edition)
The Two-Gene Theory 

State that silver colors result from the combined action of two genes, one of which (erase) inhibits pigmentation at the hair’s base, while the other (bleaching) cancels rufism. We shall call the latter “silver gene”, and denote it by Sv. The eraser gene will be denoted by I, but the reader should be warned that some recent books denote by Shaded the mild form of the gene I, which gives rise to shaded silvers, and by Shell its strong form, which gives rise to Shells. There is not enough evidence that these two expressions of I are due to two different alleles rather than to a group of polygenes. (Indeed, the transition from shaded silver to Shell is more gradual than sharp. Therefore, we do not make use of two different alleles shaded and shell and do not distinguish between the genotypes of shaded silvers and chinchillas (as far as principal Mendelian genes are concerned). But the reader can easily adapt our results to the Shaded/Shell notation if so desired.
J. Jerome, TICA Trend vol. 13 n. 6 (dec. 1992/jan. 1993), pg. 14 and TICA Yearbook 12 (1991), pg. 218

 The wide-band-Gene Theory
This is the theory that makes the most sense, the Wide-band Gene was for a long, long time supposed to be a dominant trait, which meant that at least on of the parents needed to be Shaded or Shell to be able to give the traits to the kittens. A shaded was heterozygous on the wideband gene and a Shell was homozygous on the wideband gene. Nowadays we do know by looking at pedigrees and investigate pedigrees that everything points to this gene being a recessive trait. I think it's pretty safe to even say that we today got breeding proof of this since we do have a lot of non-shaded or shell parents that actually do get shaded kittens.
The full article of the different old theories: http://www.mat.uniroma2.it/~picard/Cats/Feline_genetics_notes.pdf



Well, I will continue with the Wideband Gene, first of all, I will share some of my own thoughts around all this. From the beginning, the trait was supposed to be dominant and was therefor typed WbWb for a Shell (old designation Chinchilla), and a Shaded had Wbwb right? 
Well as you do know if you know your genetics dominant traits are set to uppercase, like for instance the inhibitor gene (the silver gene). 
Homozygous Silver II, heterozygous Silver Ii, and Non-silver ii. When we talk about the dilution-gene which is instead recessive it's the opposite, we type in lowercase like this: Diluted dd, Not Diluted but carrier Dd and Not Diluted and not carrier DD. Can you see my point?

If we did type WbWb, Wbwb, and wbwb earlier when we were talking about a dominant trait, we should now type.
Wideband - wbwb, Not Wideband but carrier - Wbwb, Not Wideband and not carrier wbwb, do you agree? I will actually use this in this article otherwise it will just mess up my mind.

Let's continue, when we suggest that the wideband gene is, in fact, recessive we do encounter some questions.
If the Shaded cat is wbwb, then what about a Shell? Well, we do believe that the shaded and shell colors are due to the wideband gene, this gene will turn the trait on or off like with agouti, where the agouti-gene is turning the visibility of the cat's pattern on or off, the cat still has their pattern, the agouti-gene is just turning the visibility on or off. In this case, the wideband turns the widening of the agouti-bands on or off.
When we have a cat who is homozygous (wbwb) the widening of the bands on the hair is on and the then normal agouti-bands get wider and we get a shaded cat. Then to decide how dark or pale the cat will become we have the polygenes, this is where selective breeding comes in to be able to get those really pale kittens (shell). The polygenes also decide all the different shades of shaded and shell, all from very dark cats to very pale cats.

Now, have to get in on golden for a while since there is something here that I believe should apply also to shaded.
In golden we do have what is called "golden tabbies" a golden is in short a cat with the wideband turned on, but the Inhibitor Gene (silver) turned of, a non-silver cat with wideband effect. This means that in goldens we have golden tabby, golden shaded, and golden shell. 
I have my own theory here, that we should have one more "color" on silver. We cannot call it silver tabby, that name is already used so maybe just pale silver or wideband effected silver? Well, I don't really know but it seems like there is a lot of cats who are wideband but do not fulfill the demands to be shaded but still are have the wideband and those would be really valuable in our strive to create more shaded and shell kittens. Today those kittens are registered as normal silver which is kind of wrong, but since we do not have any ems code for them, we do not have a choice but to register them eighter as shaded although they are not really shaded, or normal silver tabby although they are not normal silver tabbies eighter.

Don't mind my very terrible skill in painting, but here are are some, well visually pictures of the coat of the different patterns.

 silvershell Silvershaded  palesilvertabby  Silvertabby  goldenshell  goldenshaded  goldentabby  blacktabby 
Silver Shell Silver Shaded   Silver (pale)
Still only in theory 
 Silver tabby  Golden shell  Golden Shaded  Golden tabby Normal tabby 


 

Below are some explanations of the different colors, I will handle golden in another article.

Silver Shell  1/8 Of the hair is colored, the hair from the root and up to the last 1/8 is pure white. 
Silver Shaded  1/3 Of the hair is colored, the hair from the root and up to the last 1/3 is pure white.
Pale Silver You can see that the cat has some wideband effect but it does have more coloring from the tip and down the hair then 1/3 so it cannot be called a shaded.
But you can see that the cat got some wideband effect as you can see above like the golden tabbies those have bands on their hair but the white parts are wider and the colored parts are smaller than on a silver tabby.
Silver Tabby  Well, we all do know what a Silver tabby looks like and you can see above that they got even agouti-bands on their hair, unlike the Shaded and Shell cats.

 

Determining Shaded, Shell and Pale Silver (wideband cats that do have more than 1/3 tipping)

When looking at those colors, keep in mind that on Maine Coon we have not selected for those colors for decades like the have done on, for example, Persians, so we cannot expect to have perfect shaded and shell. The amount of tipping should be correct if you want to register your cat as a shaded, but still, there might be things your cat has that a shaded or shell should not have to be a really good one.

 

Shell

  • Tipping 1/8 of the hair and the tipping should be as even as possible (here we have some work to do in our selective breeding)
  • Tipping is shading down from the back of the flanks and lighter on the front of the legs.
  • Face and legs may be slightly shaded with very light tipping.
  • No rings on the legs are allowed.
  • No spots on the chest or belly allowed.
  • Eyes and Nose leather should be outlined with the color of the tipping and even, distinct nose/eye rim is preferred.
  • The color on the underside of the feet is not allowed to extend up to the joint of the hindlegs.
  • In general, a shell appears much lighter than a shaded.
  • There are some more things a shell should not have but a lot of shell Maine Coons do have, like uneven tipping, solid-colored hairs, possibly some shown pattern.

Shaded

  • Tipping 1/3 of the hair and the tipping should be as even as possible (here we have some work to do in our selective breeding)
  • Tipping is shading down from the back of the flanks and lighter on the front of the legs.
  • Broken rings on the legs are allowed, but not unbroken (also here we need to select to get the perfect shaded cats, I have seen many shaded who actually got one unbroken ring but still clearly a shaded cat. 
  • Also, spots on the belly are something we still do see even though we got a Maine Coon that is actually shaded, we need to keep selecting for this.
  • Coat on the head, ears, back, flanks, and upper side of the tail must be tipped with color.
  • Chin, ear tufts, chest, and belly, inside of the legs and underside of the tail must be without tipping. (also here we need to allow some faults and keep selecting for better shaded).
  • Eyes and Nose leather should be outlined with the color of the tipping and even, distinct nose/eye rim is preferred.
  • The fur on the underside of the feet is colored with the color of the tipping, on the back of the hindfeet the color extends up as far as up to the joint.
  • In general, a shaded cat appears much darker than a shell.
  • There are some more things a shaded should not have but a lot of shaded Maine Coons do have, like uneven tipping, visible pattern, all kinds of tabby markings, and solid-colored hairs.

Pale Silver

Well, those ones are not mentioned in the standard since they are not recognized, but they do exist so I will give some hints at least.

  • Tipping 1/3 or close to 1/3 of the hair, at least you can see that they do not have the bands on the hair like a normal tabby.
  • They might have some unbroken rings on the legs, but not look like a normal silver tabby.
  • Overall they look like a bad shaded.

One question I think is asked a lot is: How do I know if I got a shaded kitten in the litter or not? 

There are a few things to look at, a dark shaded (black, blue or tortie) shaded is most often dark on the body but is white or really pale in the face and back of the ears.
A red or creme shaded will be completely white on the ears and most of the back of the head and the face a lot less color then a black.

NewbornShaded1   NewbornShaded2

Blue Tortie Silver Shaded (gs 11)
She is tested with DNA and she is agouti and completely without white.
This one is particularly white, they can be darker but the red circled
area should be white or almost white on a shaded.

Blue Tortie Silver Shaded (gs 11)
The back of the ears as seen (if not well) on this photo should be white.

 

I will also show some legs here with rings and completely without rings, not even broken rings (remember a shaded is allowed to have broken rings though).

nobrokenrings  ringsonebroken
This kitten got some broken rings,
She is almost pure white on the inside of the legs.
If you look closely you can see that on the left leg she actually got a very pale unbroken ring.
 This one, on the other hand, got unbroken rings, you can clearly see the rings also on the inside of the legs. On the left leg, there is one broken ring.

 

There is so much more to say about this and I will probably get back to this with more pictures and more details when I get my hands on more pictures. Either by being allowed to use others or by getting the chance to take them myself. I will finish up with a few photos of one of my girls, she is a pretty bad shaded but nevertheless a shaded. 

This is Sally as she was in her darkest period, a lot of cats get darker around 6 months to 1 year just to start to be paler again, at around 3 they are completely finished developing their coat and color. Persian breeders say that you can tell the end color of the cat by looking at it at the age of 6 weeks. Whether this is true for the Maine Coon is yet to be seen.

 Sallydarkest


I guess you wonder how on earth I could get that one to be shaded, even a bad shaded? Well here is some pictures and if you look at this picture above, on the legs, you can see that she actually does have broken rings on her legs.

MCESallyDividedFur1  MCESallyDividedFur2  MCESallyDividedFur3 
In this picture you see the bottom of her fur, she is clearly not a normal silver tabby.  Another picture of the bottom of the fur where it shows that she is actually 1/3 tipped and the rest are white (though if you look you can see that she also got a Merlespot (I will talk about merle In another article), and that the tipping is a bit uneven.

 And yet another picture to show the bottom of her coat.

 

By: Malin Sundqvist

EMS-Codes for Maine Coon

 

Some fields are marked with blue. Those colors are not recommended to use, since it’s more or less impossible to be sure or to even have a clue.  Of course they can be use if it’s crystal clear but otherwise it’s best to not use them.



BLACK

n

Black

n 21

Black Tabby

n 22 

Black Classic Tabby

n 23

Black Mackerel Tabby

n 24

Black Spotted Tabby

n 25

Black Ticked Tabby

ny 2x

Black Golden Tabby

ny 11

Black Golden Shaded

ns

Blacksmoke

ns 21

Black Silver Tabby

ns 22

Black Silver Classic Tabby

ns 23

Black Silver Mackerel Tabby

ns 24

Black Silver Spotted Tabby

ns 25

Black Silver Ticked Tabby

ns 11

Black Silver Shaded

ns 12

Black Silver Shell

BLUE

a

Blue

a 21

Blue Tabby

a 22 

Blue Classic Tabby

a 23

Blue Mackerel Tabby

a 24

Blue Spotted Tabby

a 25

Blue Ticked Tabby

ay 2x

Blue Golden Tabby

ay 11

Blue Golden Shaded

as

Blue Smoke

as 21

Blue Silver Tabby

as 22

Blue Silver Classic Tabby

as 23

Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby

as 24

Blue Silver Spotted Tabby

as 25

Blue Silver Ticked Tabby

as 11

Blue Silver shaded

as 12

Blue Silver Shell

RED

d

Red

d 21

Red Tabby

d 22 

Red Classic Tabby

d 23

Red Mackerel Tabby

d 24

Red Spotted Tabby

d 25

Red Ticked Tabby

dy 2x

Red Golden Tabby

dy 11

Red Golden Shaded

ds

Red Smoke

ds 21

Red Silver Tabby

ds 22

Red Silver Classic Tabby

ds 23

Red Silver Mackerel Tabby

ds 24

Red Silver Spotted Tabby

ds 25

Red Silver Ticked Tabby

ds 11

Red Silver shaded

ds 12

Red Silver Shell

CREME

e

Creme

e 21

Creme Tabby

e 22 

Creme Classic Tabby

e 23

Creme Mackerel Tabby

e 24

Creme Spotted Tabby

e 25

Creme Ticked Tabby

ey 2x

Creme Golden Tabby

ey 11

Creme Golden Shaded

es

Cremesmoke

es 21

Creme Silver Tabby

es 22

Creme Silver Classic Tabby

es 23

Creme Silver Mackerel Tabby

es 24

Creme Silver Spotted Tabby

es 25

Creme Silver Ticked Tabby

es 11

Creme Silver shaded

es 12

Creme Silver Shell

BLACK TORTIE

f

Black Tortie

f 21

Black Tortie Tabby

f 22 

Black Tortie Classic Tabby

f 23

Black Tortie Mackerel Tabby

f 24

Black Tortie Spotted Tabby

f 25

Black Tortie Ticked Tabby

fy 2x

Black Tortie Golden Tabby

fy 11

Black Tortie Golden Shaded

fs

Black Tortie Smoke

fs 21

Black Tortie Silver Tabby

fs 22

Black Tortie Silver Classic Tabby

fs 23

Black Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby

fs 24

Black Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby

fs 25

Black Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby

fs 11

Black Tortie Silver shaded

fs 12

Black Tortie Silver Shell

BLUE TORTIE

g

Blue Tortie

g 21

Blue Tortie Tabby

g 22 

Blue Tortie Classic Tabby

g 23

Blue Tortie Mackerel Tabby

g 24

Blue Tortie Spotted Tabby

g 25

Blue Tortie Ticked Tabby

gy 2x

Blue Tortie Golden Tabby

gy 11

Blue Tortie Golden Shaded

gs

Blue Tortie Smoke

gs 21

Blue Tortie Silver Tabby

gs 22

Blue Tortie Silver Classic Tabby

gs 23

Blue Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby

gs 24

Blue Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby

gs 25

Blue Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby

gs 11

Blue Tortie Silver shaded

gs 12

Blue Tortie Silver Shell

WHITE

w

White

BLACK WHITE

n 09

Black White

n 09 21

Black Tabby White

n 09 22 

Black Classic Tabby White

n 09 23

Black Mackerel Tabby White

n 09 24

Black Spotted Tabby White

n 09 25

Black Ticked Tabby White

ny 09 2x

Black Golden Tabby White

ny 09 11

Black Golden Shaded White

ns 09 

Blacksmoke White

ns 09 21

Black Silver Tabby White

ns 09 22

Black Silver Classic Tabby White

ns 09 23

Black Silver Mackerel Tabby White

ns 09 24

Black Silver Spotted Tabby White

ns 09 25

Black Silver Ticked Tabby White

ns 09 11

Black Silver Shaded White

ns 09 12

Black Silver Shell White

BLUE WHITE

a 09

Blue White

a 09 21

Blue Tabby White

a 09 22 

Blue Classic Tabby White

a 09 23

Blue Mackerel Tabby White

a 09 24

Blue Spotted Tabby White

a 09 25

Blue Ticked Tabby White

ay 09 2x

Blue Golden Tabby White

ay 09 11

Blue Golden Shaded White

as 09 

Blue Smoke White

as 09 21

Blue Silver Tabby White

as 09 22

Blue Silver Classic Tabby White

as 09 23

Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby White

as 09 24

Blue Silver Spotted Tabby White

as 09 25

Blue Silver Ticked Tabby White

as 09 11

Blue Silver shaded White

as 09 12

Blue Silver Shell White

RED WHITE

d 09 

Red White

d 09 21

Red Tabby White

d 09 22 

Red Classic Tabby White

d 09 23

Red Mackerel Tabby White

d 09 24

Red Spotted Tabby White

d 09 25

Red Ticked Tabby White

dy 09 2x

Red Golden Tabby White

dy 09 11

Red Golden Shaded White

ds 09 

Red Smoke White

ds 09 21

Red Silver Tabby White

ds 09 22

Red Silver Classic Tabby White

ds 09 23

Red Silver Mackerel Tabby White

ds 09 24

Red Silver Spotted Tabby White

ds 09 25

Red Silver Ticked Tabby White

ds 09 11

Red Silver shaded White

ds 09 12

Red Silver Shell White

CREME WHITE

e 09 

Creme White

e 09 21

Creme Tabby White

e 09 22 

Creme Classic Tabby White

e 09 23

Creme Mackerel Tabby White

e 09 24

Creme Spotted Tabby White

e 09 25

Creme Ticked Tabby White

ey 09 2x

Creme Golden Tabby White

ey 09 11

Creme Golden Shaded White

es 09 

Cremesmoke White

es 09 21

Creme Silver Tabby White

es 09 22

Creme Silver Classic Tabby White

es 09 23

Creme Silver Mackerel Tabby White

es 09 24

Creme Silver Spotted Tabby White

es 09 25

Creme Silver Ticked Tabby White

es 09 11

Creme Silver shaded White

es 09 12

Creme Silver Shell White

BLACK TORTIE WHITE

f 09 

Black Tortie White

f 09 21

Black Tortie Tabby White

f 09 22 

Black Tortie Classic Tabby White

f 09 23

Black Tortie Mackerel Tabby White

f 09 24

Black Tortie Spotted Tabby White

f 09 25

Black Tortie Ticked Tabby White

fy 09 2x

Black Tortie Golden Tabby White

fy 09 11

Black Tortie Golden Shaded White

fs 09 

Black Tortie Smoke White

fs 09 21

Black Tortie Silver Tabby White

fs 09 22

Black Tortie Silver Classic Tabby White

fs 09 23

Black Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby White

fs 09 24

Black Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby White

fs 09 25

Black Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby White

fs 09 11

Black Tortie Silver shaded White

fs 09 12

Black Tortie Silver Shell White

BLUE TORTIE WHITE

g 09 

Blue Tortie White

g 09 21

Blue Tortie Tabby White

g 09 22 

Blue Tortie Classic Tabby White

g 09 23

Blue Tortie Mackerel Tabby White

g 09 24

Blue Tortie Spotted Tabby White

g 09 25

Blue Tortie Ticked Tabby White

gy 09 2x

Blue Tortie Golden Tabby White

gy 09 11

Blue Tortie Golden Shaded White

gs 09 

Blue Tortie Smoke White

gs 09 21

Blue Tortie Silver Tabby White

gs 09 22

Blue Tortie Silver Classic Tabby White

gs 09 23

Blue Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby White

gs 09 24

Blue Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby White

gs 09 25

Blue Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby White

gs 09 11

Blue Tortie Silver shaded White

gs 09 12

Blue Tortie Silver Shell White

BLACK BICOLOUR

n 03

Black Bicolour

n 03 21

Black Tabby Bicolour

n 03 22 

Black Classic Tabby Bicolour

n 03 23

Black Mackerel Bicolour

n 03 24

Black Spotted Tabby Bicolour

n 03 25

Black Ticked Tabby Bicolour

ny 03 2x

Black Golden Tabby Bicolour

ny 03 11

Black Golden Shaded Bicolour

ns 03 

Blacksmoke Bicolour

ns 03 21

Black Silver Tabby Bicolour

ns 03 22

Black Silver Classic Tabby Bicolour

ns 03 23

Black Silver Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

ns 03 24

Black Silver Spotted Tabby Bicolour

ns 03 25

Black Silver Ticked Tabby Bicolour

ns 03 11

Black Silver Shaded Bicolour

ns 03 12

Black Silver Shell Bicolour

BLUE BICOLOUR

a 03 

Blue Bicolour

a 03 21

Blue Tabby Bicolour

a 03 22 

Blue Classic Tabby Bicolour

a 03 23

Blue Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

a 03 24

Blue Spotted Tabby Bicolour

a 03 25

Blue Ticked Tabby Bicolour

ay 03 2x

Blue Golden Tabby Bicolour

ay 03 11

Blue Golden Shaded Bicolour

as 03 

Blue Smoke Bicolour

as 03 21

Blue Silver Tabby Bicolour

as 03 22

Blue Silver Classic Tabby Bicolour

as 03 23

Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

as 03 24

Blue Silver Spotted Tabby Bicolour

as 03 25

Blue Silver Ticked Tabby Bicolour

as 03 11

Blue Silver shaded Bicolour

as 03 12

Blue Silver Shell Bicolour

  RED BICOLOUR

d 03 

Red Bicolour

d 03 21

Red Tabby Bicolour

d 03 22 

Red Classic Tabby Bicolour

d 03 23

Red Mackerel Bicolour

d 03 24

Red Spotted Tabby Bicolour

d 03 25

Red Ticked Tabby Bicolour

dy 03 2x

Red Golden Tabby Bicolour

dy 03 11

Red Golden Shaded Bicolour

ds 03 

Red Smoke Bicolour

ds 03 21

Red Silver Tabby Bicolour

ds 03 22

Red Silver Classic Tabby Bicolour

ds 03 23

Red Silver Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

ds 03 24

Red Silver Spotted Tabby Bicolour

ds 03 25

Red Silver Ticked Tabby Bicolour

ds 03 11

Red Silver shaded Bicolour

ds 03 12

Red Silver Shell Bicolour

CREME BICOLOUR

e 03 

Creme Bicolour

e 03 21

Creme Tabby Bicolour

e 03 22 

Creme Classic Tabby Bicolour

e 03 23

Creme Mackerel Bicolour

e 03 24

Creme Spotted Tabby Bicolour

e 03 25

Creme Ticked Tabby BicolourBicolour

ey 03 2x

Creme Golden Tabby Bicolour

ey 03 11

Creme Golden Shaded Bicolour

es 03 

Cremesmoke Bicolour

es 03 21

Creme Silver Tabby Bicolour

es 03 22

Creme Silver Classic Tabby Bicolour

es 03 23

Creme Silver Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

es 03 24

Creme Silver Spotted Tabby Bicolour

es 03 25

Creme Silver Ticked Tabby Bicolour

es 03 11

Creme Silver shaded Bicolour

es 03 12

Creme Silver Shell Bicolour

BLACK TORTIE BICOLOUR

f 03 

Black Tortie Bicolour

f 03 21

Black Tortie Tabby Bicolour

f 03 22 

Black Tortie Classic Tabby Bicolour

f 03 23

Black Tortie Mackerel Bicolour

f 03 24

Black Tortie Spotted Tabby Bicolour

f 03 25

Black Tortie Ticked Tabby Bicolour

fy 03 2x

Black Tortie Golden Tabby Bicolour

fy 03 11

Black Tortie Golden Shaded Bicolour

fs 03 

Black Tortie Smoke Bicolour

fs 03 21

Black Tortie Silver Tabby Bicolour

fs 03 22

Black Tortie Silver Classic Tabby Bicolour

fs 03 23

Black Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

fs 03 24

Black Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby Bicolour

fs 03 25

Black Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby Bicolour

fs 03 11

Black Tortie Silver shaded Bicolour

fs 03 12

Black Tortie Silver Shell Bicolour

BLUE TORTIE BICOLOUR

g 03 

Blue Tortie Bicolour

g 03 21

Blue Tortie Tabby Bicolour

g 03 22 

Blue Tortie Classic Tabby Bicolour

g 03 23

Blue Tortie Mackerel Bicolour

g 03 24

Blue Tortie Spotted Tabby Bicolour

g 03 25

Blue Tortie Ticked Tabby Bicolour

gy 03 2x

Blue Tortie Golden Tabby Bicolour

gy 03 11

Blue Tortie Golden Shaded Bicolour

gs 03 

Blue Tortie Smoke Bicolour

gs 03 21

Blue Tortie Silver Tabby Bicolour

gs 03 22

Blue Tortie Silver Classic Tabby Bicolour

gs 03 23

Blue Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby Bicolour

gs 03 24

Blue Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby Bicolour

gs 03 25

Blue Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby Bicolour

gs 03 11

Blue Tortie Silver shaded Bicolour

gs 03 12

Blue Tortie Silver Shell Bicolour

BLACK HARLEQUIN

n 02

Black Harlequin

n 02 21

Black Tabby Harlequin

n 02 22 

Black Classic Tabby Harlequin

n 02 23

Black Mackerel Harlequin

n 02 24

Black Spotted Tabby Harlequin

n 02 25

Black Ticked Tabby Harlequin

ny 02 2x

Black Golden Tabby Harlequin

ny 02 11

Black Golden Shaded Harlequin

ns 02 

Blacksmoke Harlequin

ns 02 21

Black Silver Tabby Harlequin

ns 02 22

Black Silver Classic Tabby Harlequin

ns 02 23

Black Silver Mackerel Tabby Harlequin

ns 02 24

Black Silver Spotted Tabby Harlequin

ns 02 25

Black Silver Ticked Tabby Harlequin

ns 02 11

Black Silver Shaded Harlequin

ns 02 12

Black Silver Shell Harlequin

BLUE HARLEQUIN

a 02 

Blue Harlequin

a 02 21

Blue Tabby Harlequin

a 02 22 

Blue Classic Tabby Harlequin

a 02 23

Blue Mackerel Harlequin

a 02 24

Blue Spotted Tabby Harlequin

a 02 25

Blue Ticked Tabby Harlequin

ay 02 2x

Blue Golden Tabby Harlequin

ay 02 11

Blue Golden Shaded Harlequin

as 02 

Blue Smoke Harlequin

as 02 21

Blue Silver Tabby Harlequin

as 02 22

Blue Silver Classic Tabby Harlequin

as 02 23

Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby Harlequin

as 02 24

Blue Silver Spotted Tabby Harlequin

as 02 25

Blue Silver Ticked Tabby Harlequin

as 02 11

Blue Silver shaded Harlequin

as 02 12

Blue Silver Shell Harlequin

RED HARLEQUIN

d 02 

Red Harlequin 

d 02 21

Red Tabby Harlequin

d 02 22 

Red Classic Tabby Harlequin

d 02 23

Red Mackerel Harlequin

d 02 24

Red Spotted Tabby Harlequin

d 02 25

Red Ticked Tabby Harlequin

dy 02 2x

Red Golden Tabby Harlequin

dy 02 11

Red Golden Shaded Harlequin

ds 02 

Red Smoke Harlequin

ds 02 21

Red Silver Tabby Harlequin

ds 02 22

Red Silver Classic Tabby Harlequin

ds 02 23

Red Silver Mackerel Tabby Harlequin

ds 02 24

Red Silver Spotted Tabby Harlequin

ds 02 25

Red Silver Ticked Tabby Harlequin

ds 02 11

Red Silver shaded Harlequin

ds 02 12

Red Silver Shell Harlequin

CREME HARLEQUIN

e 02 

Creme Harlequin

e 02 21

Creme Tabby Harlequin

e 02 22 

Creme Classic Tabby Harlequin

e 02 23

Creme Mackerel Harlequin

e 02 24

Creme Spotted Tabby Harlequin

e 02 25

Creme Ticked Tabby Harlequin

ey 02 2x

Creme Golden Tabby Harlequin

ey 02 11

Creme Golden Shaded Harlequin

es 02 

Cremesmoke Harlequin

es 02 21

Creme Silver Tabby Harlequin

es 02 22

Creme Silver Classic Tabby Harlequin

es 02 23

Creme Silver Mackerel Tabby Harlequin

es 02 24

Creme Silver Spotted Tabby Harlequin

es 02 25

Creme Silver Ticked Tabby Harlequin

es 02 11

Creme Silver shaded Harlequin

es 02 12

Creme Silver Shell Harlequin

BLACK TORTIE HARLEQUIN

f 02 

Black Tortie Harlequin

f 02 21

Black Tortie Tabby Harlequin

f 02 22 

Black Tortie Classic Tabby Harlequin

f 02 23

Black Tortie Mackerel Harlequin

f 02 24

Black Tortie Spotted Tabby Harlequin

f 02 25

Black Tortie Ticked Tabby Harlequin

fy 02 2x

Black Tortie Golden Tabby Harlequin

fy 02 11

Black Tortie Golden Shaded Harlequin

fs 02 

Black Tortie Smoke Harlequin

fs 02 21

Black Tortie Silver Tabby Harlequin

fs 02 22

Black Tortie Silver Classic Tabby Harlequin

fs 02 23

Black Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby Harlequin

fs 02 24

Black Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby Harlequin

fs 02 25

Black Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby Harlequin

fs 02 11

Black Tortie Silver shaded Harlequin

fs 02 12

Black Tortie Silver Shell Harlequin

BLUE TORTIE HARLEQUIN

g 02 

Blue Tortie Harlequin

g 02 21

Blue Tortie Tabby Harlequin

g 02 22 

Blue Tortie Classic Tabby Harlequin

g 02 23

Blue Tortie Mackerel Harlequin

g 02 24

Blue Tortie Spotted Tabby Harlequin

g 02 25

Blue Tortie Ticked Tabby Harlequin

gy 02 2x

Blue Tortie Golden Tabby Harlequin

gy 02 11

Blue Tortie Golden Shaded Harlequin

gs 02 

Blue Tortie Smoke Harlequin

gs 02 21

Blue Tortie Silver Tabby Harlequin

gs 02 22

Blue Tortie Silver Classic Tabby Harlequin

gs 02 23

Blue Tortie Silver Mackerel Tabby Harlequin

gs 02 24

Blue Tortie Silver Spotted Tabby Harlequin

gs 02 25

Blue Tortie Silver Ticked Tabby Harlequin

gs 02 11

Blue Tortie Silver shaded Harlequin

gs 02 12

Blue Tortie Silver Shell Harlequin

BLACK VAN

n 01

Black Van

n 01 21

Black Tabby Van

ny 01 21

Black Golden Tabby Van

ny 01 11

Black Golden Shaded Van

ns 01 

Blacksmoke Van

ns 01 21

Black Silver Tabby Van

ns 01 11

Black Silver Shaded Van

ns 01 12

Black Silver Shell Van

BLUE  VAN

a 01 

Blue Van

a 01 21

Blue Tabby Van

ay 01 21

Blue Golden Tabby Van

ay 01 11

Blue Golden Shaded

as 01 

Blue Smoke Van

as 01 21

Blue Silver Tabby Van

as 01 11

Blue Silver shaded Van

as 01 12

Blue Silver Shell Van

RED VAN

d 01 

Red Van

d 01 21

Red Tabby Van

dy 01 21

Red Golden Tabby Van

dy 01 11

Red Golden Shaded Van

ds 01 

Red Smoke Van

ds 01 21

Red Silver Tabby Van

ds 01 11

Red Silver shaded Van

ds 01 12

Red Silver Shell Van

CREME VAN

e 01 

Creme Van

e 01 21

Creme Tabby Van

ey 01 21

Creme Golden Tabby Van

ey 01 11

Creme Golden Shaded Van

es 01 

Cremesmoke Van

es 01 21

Creme Silver Tabby Van

es 01 11

Creme Silver shaded Van

es 01 12

Creme Silver Shell Van

BLACK TORTIE VAN

f 01 

Black Tortie Van

f 01 21

Black Tortie Tabby Van

fy 01 21

Black Tortie Golden Tabby Van

fy 01 11

Black Tortie Golden Shaded

fs 01 

Black Tortie Smoke Van

fs 01 21

Black Tortie Silver Tabby Van

fs 01 11

Black Tortie Silver shaded Van

fs 01 12

Black Tortie Silver Shell Van

BLUE TORTIE VAN

g 01 

Blue Tortie Van

g 01 21

Blue Tortie Tabby Van

gy 01 21

Blue Tortie Golden Tabby Van

gy 01 11

Blue Tortie Golden Shaded Van

gs 01 

Blue Tortie Smoke Van

gs 01 21

Blue Tortie Silver Tabby Van

gs 01 11

Blue Tortie Silver shaded Van

gs 01 12

Blue Tortie Silver Shell Van

Genecodes for genetic pigmentation Maine Coon

 

Basic colors black or red.

Genotype

 

Notes

Oy

Red

Male

oy

Black

Male

OO

Red

Female

Oo

Blacktortie

Female

oo

Black

Female

 

The agouti-gene, turns on or off visibility of the pattern.

Genotype

 

Notes

AA

The cat is tabby

Homozygous, all kittens without exception will be tabby from this cat.

Aa

The cat is tabby/Carries solid

Heterozygous, offsprings can eigher become tabby or solid, depending on the other parent.

aa

Non tabby/Solid

Mated with another solid cat the offsprings will always become solid. But with a parent who is Aa the kittens can be either solid or tabby.

 

Genes for tabby

Genotype

 

Notes

McMc

Mackerel Tabby

 

Mcmc

Mackerel tabby, carrier of classictabby

 

mcmc

Classic tabby

 

 

Genes who modify the normal tabby-genes

Genotype

 

Notes

SpSp

Spotted

 

Spsp

Spotted, carrier of non spotted

 

spsp

non spotted

 

TT

Ticked Tabby

 

Tt

Ticked tabby, carrier of non ticked tabby.

 

tt

Not ticked tabby

 



Dilution

Genotype

 

Notes

DD

Not diluted/not carrier

Will not be able to get any diluted kittens.

Dd

not diluted, carrier

If the other parent is carrier or diluted itself this cat cat can get diluted kittens.

dd

Diluted

Will with another diluted only get diluted kittens, with a carrier the offsprings can be either diluted or full color, if the other parent is DD all offsprings will be full color (not diluted), but they will all be carriers



Whitespotting

Genotype

 

Notes

WW

White

 

Wws

White, carrier of whitespot.

 

Ww

White, not carrier of whitespot.

 

wsws

Whitespot

Different grades are: Van, Harlequin, Bicolor

wsw

Whitespot

Bicolor or indefinite amount (09)

ww

Not white/Not whitespot

This cat got no white



Silver

Genotype

 

Notes

II

Silver

Homozygous silver, all offspring will become silver

Ii

Silver

Heterozygous silver, offsprings will be either silver or non silver

ii

Not silver

No offsprings will be silver unless the other parent is silver.



Widbandsgenen

Genotyp

 

Notering

WbWb

Homozygous  wideband

Tipped (Shaded, Shell, Golden tabby, Golden shaded)

Wbwb

Heterozygous wideband

Carrier of above

wbwb

Not wideband

Normal pattern no wideband

The Silver trait is a dominant trait. With dominant means that the cat only needs to have ONE copy of the gene for it to appear. So you if you see it, it’s there, if you do not see it, there is also nothing to inherit.


But most rules got exceptions,  I just want to mention it very briefly and it’s not something we should go deeper into, but it has been proven over the years that the silver sometimes hides, especially on blue cats. The cat appears to be non-silver, but it got the silver gene and inherits it to its offspring.  So there are cats with "invisible" silver, although this is relatively uncommon.

Then we have the purely linguistic that can make it hard for new, a cat with this gene is called different depending on whether it is agouti or non-agouti.

 

Agouti = Black silver tabby, red silver mackerel tabby , blue silver ticked tabby etc….

Non-Agouti = Blacksmoke, Redsmoke, Bluesmoke etc ...

In this article, I will talk about the trait itself and will just call it silver.

 

The silver trait is designated I (for the inhibitor gene).

 

 ii

Non-silver

The cat has no silver gene and will not show silver nor inherit any silver.

 Ii 

Heterozygous silver

The cat has one copy of the gene and will be able to give either silver or non-silver to its offspring.

 II

Homozygous silver

No matter what the cat is mated with, all offsprings will be silver if the parent is homozygous since it will always inherit one copy of the gene (I).

 

If we do a test mating, one can easily see that two non-silver will never ever be able to get any kittens that are silver, however, two heterozygous silver will be able to get kittens that are non-silver.

 

As can be seen in the table below, where both mom and dad are non-silver, the kids will also be non-silver. Thus, as seen here, there is no I, only i.

Male

i

Male

i

Female

i

ii

ii

Female

i

ii

ii

 

If we take another example then we will see another scenario here, both mother and father are here Silver but both are heterozygous and got 1 set of the silver-trait.

In this example, 50% will be silver but carriers of non-silver. 25% will be homozygous silver and 25% will be non-silver.

Male

I

Male

i

Female

I

II

Ii

Female

i

Ii

ii

 

If we take another last example were let the female be homozygous silver, and then we will see below that all offspring become silver. 50% will be heterozygous and 50% homozygous.

Male

I

Male

i

Female

I

II

Ii

Female

I

II

Ii

 

There is not much more to say about silver genetics when it comes to silver itself. However, silver can be tricky and can have a wide range of expressions, everything from very vague silver to cats with razor-sharp contrasts.

 

Now I will get into a very exciting part but also a very tricky one, and remember that here we are no longer talking about certain facts but only about theories of which there are a lot.

I am talking about the patterns Shaded/Shell, (I will not deal with golden in this section other than very very brief, this will be complicated enough anyway).

 

For many, many years, a theory of an incompletely dominant wideband-gene has been put forward, at least in our neighborhoods, as the cause of these colors.

Chinchilla (old designation it’s now called shell for all colors)/Shell = WbWb (ems code: 12)

Shaded = Wbwb (ems code: 11)


However, this theory has begun to be questioned by both researchers and breeders.

 

One of our most persistent researchers, regarding the color-genetics on cats, Leslie Lyons, says that today the wideband-gene is suspected to be recessive, so two copies of it are required for the trait to appear. But then we get to the question, IF now the wideband-gene is recessive, then what makes chinchilla/shell? The theories are that we are talking here about polygenes and selective breeding of the brightest cats.

 

Until we have a genetic explanation, we have to settle with the fact that this is something we are only able to have theories about. We simply don't know anything for sure. Or, well, we have succeeded in finding out by studying pedigrees and cats that we are most likely dealing with a recessive wideband-gene.

 

One could say that the wideband-gene turns on or off the trait itself, then polygenes play a part in how light the cat gets, whether it falls on the border of normal silver or on the border with Shell or even becomes Shell, it is probably the closest we come to the truth today, without knowing anything for sure.

I have studied these colors a lot lately and I have come to the conclusion that we have many more "shaded" than we think, however, we are most likely to have a lot of "bad" shaded just as we can have bad tabby, spigrés (Swedish nickname for a combination between mackerel tabby and spotted, generally bad pattern with other words) in English it would probably be called Spackerel or something.

 

Many who breed shaded today got, seen with "my" eyes, in fact, cats that are shell, I have been active on many different forums where these colors are discussed and I hear over and over and over the repetition of the words "in my opinion" pronounced. Personally, I prefer standards and some written guidelines, based on previously set rules and if we take a look at these, none of them comment on how light or dark a cat may be to be considered shaded or shell, other than that a Shell should be perceived as much lighter than a Shaded.


The gene code for Shaded/Shell according to the above theory, with recessive wideband-gene is.
A- I- wbwb  (The cat must be agouti, silver and have to copies of the wideband-gene).

 

Then how do I know if I have a shaded? What shall I to look for? Some standards are more distinct then others, in the descriptions and express themselves slightly different but you can use below as a first step.


Shaded shall have  ⅓ tipping (color) and the rest of the hair shall be white.
Shell Shall have ⅛ tipping (color) and the rest of the hair shall be white.

If you look at the standard when it comes to Shaded, then it is much more to it.
The cat should not have any visible pattern even if it is agouti, it should be brighter on the legs and sides, nor should it have any unbroken rings on the legs. Broken rings are allowed and it shall be perceived as much darker than a Shell.

The coat on the underside of the feet is colored and on the hindfeet the color may extend all the way to the joint.

 

When it comes to the Shell it is stricter, no visible pattern allowed, face and legs may be slightly tipped with very light color. They should be much lighter than a Shaded and the color of the hindlegs may not extend all the way up to the joint of the hindlegs instead they shall be without any tipping there.

Just to very briefly mention golden, the theory is that a goldenshaded is a shaded cat but without silver.

Hence the gene designation is: A- ii wbwb, if you follow the above theory. These should basically look like a shaded but the bottom shall be apricot instead of white.


Above is a good guideline to follow.  If you like to read the standard it is a good idea to read through all the standards of the different federations to get a clearer picture of what they say.

 

YankeeCatsAngelOfJoy

Yankeecats Angel of Joy
Blacksilvertortie Shaded (fs 11)
Photo: Britta Singethan

20191223 Horagalles 05 Copy

Dagdrivarn Horagalles
Red Shell

Photo: Ylva Bengtsson



By: Malin Sundqvist

Dagdrivarn (www.dagdrivarn.se)